What is Perioral Dermatitis?
It is a skin condition that causes small, red, bumpy rashes to form around the mouth, nose, and eyes. It is often characterized by a burning or itching sensation and can also spread to other areas of the face.
The exact cause of perioral dermatitis is unknown, but it is believed to be triggered by a combination of factors, including hormonal changes, certain skincare products, and certain medications
Symptoms of Perioral Dermatitis:
- Bumps: Small, red, acne-like bumps that are often itchy or burning. They may also be scaly or contain pus.
- Rash: A rash that forms around the mouth, nose, and eyes and may spread to other parts of the face.
- Flushing: A reddening of the skin, especially around the nose and cheek areas.
- Dryness: The skin may feel dry or tight, especially after washing.
- Peeling: The skin may peel or flake, especially around the mouth and nose.
Causes of Perioral Dermatitis:
Let us discuss what causes perioral dermatitis:
- Topical corticosteroids: Overuse of topical corticosteroids, especially on the face, can trigger perioral dermatitis.
- Skincare products: Certain skincare products, such as heavy creams, moisturizers, and sunscreens, can trigger periorificial dermatitis.
- Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes, such as those during pregnancy or menopause, can trigger perioral dermatitis.
- Bacterial infection: A bacterial infection on the skin, such as impetigo, can trigger periorificial dermatitis.
- Oral antibiotics: The use of oral antibiotics can disrupt the balance of bacteria on the skin and trigger perioral dermatitis.
- Other medications: Certain medications, such as lithium and oral contraceptives, can trigger periorificial dermatitis.
It is important to note that not everyone with it will have the same symptoms or triggers, and the condition may vary in severity from person to person. If you suspect that you may have periorificial dermatitis, it is recommended that you see a dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Effective ways to beat perioral dermatitis
- Avoid irritating skincare products: To treat perioral dermatitis, it is important to avoid using skincare products that contain harsh chemicals, fragrances, or alcohol. Instead, opt for gentler, fragrance-free products that are designed for sensitive skin.
- Reduce stress: Stress can be a trigger for perioral dermatitis, so it is important to find ways to reduce stress in your life. This may include practicing mindfulness, exercise, and other stress-relieving activities.
- Use non-comedogenic products: periorificial dermatitis can be made worse by products that clog pores, so it is important to use non-comedogenic products that allow your skin to breathe.
- Keep skin hydrated: Hydrating the skin can help reduce the symptoms of periorificial dermatitis This can be achieved by drinking plenty of water and using a gentle, fragrance-free moisturizer.
- Avoid touching the face: Touching the face can spread bacteria and trigger flare-ups of periorificial dermatitis, so it is important to avoid doing so as much as possible.
- Use a gentle exfoliant: Gently exfoliating the skin can help to unclog pores and reduce the symptoms of periorificial dermatitis. However, it is important to be gentle and avoid using harsh exfoliants that can further irritate the skin.
- Switch to mineral-based makeup: Using mineral-based makeup can help to reduce the risk of perioral dermatitis, as it does not contain harsh chemicals that can irritate the skin.
- Consult a dermatologist: If home remedies and lifestyle changes are not effective in beating perioral dermatitis, it is important to see a dermatologist for further evaluation and treatment options. This may include prescription medications or other treatments specifically designed for perioral dermatitis.
Risk Factors for Perioral Dermatitis:
Since it is a skin condition that affects the area around the mouth, nose and eyes. There are several factors that can increase the risk of developing it, including:
- Female gender: Women are more likely to develop perioral dermatitis than men.
- Age: Perioral dermatitis is most commonly seen in women in their 20s and 30s.
- Use of topical corticosteroids: Topical corticosteroids are commonly used to treat skin conditions, but long-term use can lead to perioral dermatitis.
- Fluorinated toothpastes: Some toothpastes contain fluoride, which can be a trigger for perioral dermatitis in some people.
- Cosmetics: Some cosmetics, particularly heavy face creams, can clog the pores and trigger perioral dermatitis.
- Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy or menstrual cycles, can make perioral dermatitis symptoms worse.
Triggers for Perioral Dermatitis:
It can be triggered by a variety of factors, including:
- Use of topical corticosteroids: Topical corticosteroids can cause skin to become thin and irritated, leading to papulopustular facial dermatitis.
- Cosmetics: Cosmetics, particularly heavy face creams, can clog the pores and trigger papulopustular facial dermatitis.
- Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy or menstrual cycles, can make perioral dermatitis symptoms worse.
- Weather: Changes in weather, particularly dry air, can make periorificial dermatitis symptoms worse.
- Stress: Stress can weaken the immune system and trigger periorificial dermatitis.
- Bacterial infections: Bacterial infections can trigger perioral dermatitis and make symptoms worse.
It is important to identify personal triggers for periorificial dermatitis and avoid them as much as possible. In some cases, avoiding triggers may not be enough, and treatment from a dermatologist may be necessary to manage symptoms.
Diagnosis and Treatment
- Perioral dermatitis is a skin condition that causes red, bumpy rashes around the mouth, nose and eyes. The diagnosis is often made based on the physical appearance of the rash, its location and other symptoms such as itching and burning. A dermatologist may also take a skin sample for biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.
- Medical Treatments:
- Medical treatments for perioral dermatitis include topical and oral antibiotics, topical corticosteroids, and isotretinoin. Antibiotics work by reducing the amount of bacteria on the skin that can worsen the condition. Topical corticosteroids can reduce inflammation and itching. Isotretinoin is a powerful oral medication that is used in severe cases of perioral dermatitis, but it has several side effects and is used as a last resort.
- Home Remedies:
- Home remedies for perioral dermatitis include avoiding irritating products such as face scrubs, toners and astringents, using gentle skin care products, avoiding heavy face creams, and using a humidifier to add moisture to the air. Keeping the affected area clean and dry is also important. Some people find relief from using natural products such as tea tree oil, aloe vera, and honey.
- Lifestyle Changes:
- Lifestyle changes can also help manage perioral dermatitis. This includes avoiding triggers that make symptoms worse, such as stress, changes in weather, and hormonal fluctuations. Maintaining a healthy diet and drinking plenty of water can also help keep skin healthy. Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen and avoiding excessive sun exposure is also important for people with this condition.
It is important to work with a dermatologist to develop a treatment plan that is right for you. In some cases, multiple treatments may need to be tried before finding the most effective one. And while there is no cure for it, with the right combination of treatments, symptoms can be effectively managed.
Top Tips & Tricks to fix Perioral Dermatitis
Let’s look at a few things that can prove as a cure for perioral dermatitis:
A. Skin Care Routine
Choose gentle, fragrance-free products: To beat perioral dermatitis, it is important to choose skincare products that are gentle and free from harsh chemicals, fragrances, and alcohol. Opt for products specifically designed for sensitive skin and avoid using heavy creams, lotions, and other heavy skincare products.
Use non-comedogenic products: Your skin condition can be made worse by products that clog pores, so it is important to choose non-comedogenic products that allow your skin to breathe. This includes moisturizers, sunscreens, and other skincare products.
Cleanse gently: Cleanse the skin gently using a fragrance-free, gentle cleanser that does not contain harsh exfoliates. Avoid using hot water, which can dry out the skin and irritate you condition further.
Hydrate regularly: Keeping the skin hydrated is important to help reduce the symptoms of perioral dermatitis. Use a fragrance-free, gentle moisturizer regularly, especially after washing your face, to help keep skin hydrated.
Avoid touching the face: Touching the face can spread bacteria and trigger flare-ups of perioral dermatitis, so it is important to avoid doing so as much as possible.
B. Diet and Nutrition
• Eat a balanced diet: Eating a balanced diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help to support healthy skin. This can help to reduce the risk of it and improve the appearance of the skin.
• Stay hydrated: Drinking plenty of water is important to help keep skin hydrated and reduce the symptoms of perioral dermatitis. Aim to drink at least 8 glasses of water per day to stay hydrated.
• Avoid triggers: Certain foods and drinks, such as alcohol and caffeine, can be triggers for this condition. It is important to identify your triggers and avoid them as much as possible.
C. Stress Management
• Practice mindfulness: Practicing mindfulness and relaxation techniques can help to reduce stress and improve overall mental health. This can include yoga, meditation, and deep breathing exercises.
• Exercise regularly: Regular exercise can help to reduce stress and improve overall health. Aim to exercise for at least 30 minutes per day, 3-5 days per week.
• Get enough sleep: Getting enough sleep is important to help reduce stress and improve overall health. Aim to get 7-9 hours of sleep per night to help reduce stress and reduce the risk of perioral dermatitis.
D. Avoiding Triggers
• Avoid topical corticosteroids: Overuse of topical corticosteroids, especially on the face, can trigger it. It is important to avoid using these products or to use them only as directed by a dermatologist.
• Avoid oral antibiotics: The use of oral antibiotics can disrupt the balance of bacteria on the skin and trigger perioral dermatitis. If you must take antibiotics, it is important to take probiotics and other measures to help maintain a healthy balance of bacteria on the skin.
• Avoid heavy skincare products: Heavy creams, moisturizers, and other heavy skincare products can be triggers for it. It is important to avoid using these products or to use them only as directed by a dermatologist.
E. Sun Protection
- Wear Sunscreen: Protecting the skin from the sun is important to help reduce the risk of perioral dermatitis and improve the overall health of the skin. Choose a non-comedogenic, fragrance-free sunscreen with at least SPF 30 and reapply it every 2 hours, especially if you are spending time outdoors.
- Wear protective clothing: Wearing protective clothing, such as wide-brimmed hats, long-sleeved shirts, and sunglasses, can help to protect the skin from the sun and reduce the risk of perioral dermatitis.
- Avoid sun exposure: Avoiding excessive sun exposure, especially during peak hours (10 am to 4 pm), can help to reduce the risk of perioral dermatitis and improve the overall health of the skin.
These tips and tricks can help to heal perioral dermatitis and improve the overall health of your skin. Remember to be consistent with your skin care routine and avoid triggers, as well as to maintain a balanced diet, manage stress, and protect your skin from the sun.
It is also important to see a dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment if you are experiencing symptoms of perioral dermatitis.
Prevention and Maintenance of Perioral Dermatitis
Perioral dermatitis is a common skin condition that affects people of all ages and skin types. However, it can be difficult to manage and treat. Therefore, it is important to focus on prevention and maintenance strategies to help control symptoms and reduce the risk of flare-ups.
A. Regular Skincare Routine: One of the most important steps in preventing and maintaining it is to develop a regular skincare routine. This includes cleansing the skin regularly, using non-comedogenic products, and avoiding harsh ingredients that can irritate the skin. Gentle, fragrance-free skincare products are recommended.
B. Early Detection and Treatment of Flare-Ups: It is important to detect and treat flare-ups as early as possible, to prevent them from becoming more severe. This may involve changing skincare products, avoiding triggers, and seeking treatment from a dermatologist. Keeping a diary of triggers and symptoms can help you to identify the cause of flare-ups and take steps to prevent them from occurring.
C. Keeping a Diary of Triggers and Symptoms: Keeping a diary of triggers and symptoms can help you to identify patterns and make changes to your skincare routine or lifestyle that may be contributing to your condition. This can include keeping track of what products you use, what foods you eat, and any other potential triggers.
D. Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle: Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is important for preventing and managing it. This includes eating a balanced diet, reducing stress, and getting plenty of rest and exercise. A healthy lifestyle can also help to boost the immune system, which can reduce the risk of flare-ups and improve the overall health of the skin.
Taking care of the skin is crucial in preventing and managing perioral dermatitis, as well as avoiding irritants and using gentle skin care products.
Finding the right treatment for this may require a combination of medical treatments, home remedies, and lifestyle changes. Medical treatments include topical and oral antibiotics, topical corticosteroids, and isotretinoin, while home remedies include avoiding irritating products and using natural products such as tea tree oil and aloe Vera.
Lifestyle changes such as avoiding triggers, maintaining a healthy diet, and protecting the skin from excessive sun exposure can also help manage symptoms. In some cases, multiple treatments may need to be tried before finding the most effective one. It is important to work with a dermatologist to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses individual needs and health goals.
It can be a frustrating and uncomfortable condition, but with proper care and attention, it can be effectively managed. It is important to take a proactive approach to skin care and to work with a healthcare provider to find the right treatment plan. Avoiding triggers, using gentle skin care products, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help keep skin healthy and prevent it from reoccurring.